Bioremediation: A Management Tool


Bioremediation means using biological agents to clean environment. Increase in the pollution has lead to increase in toxic substances in the environment and being referred to as most effective management tool bioremediation has tremendous future to be called as “Eco bio technology”.

Bioremediation in its meaning means using life to remediate contaminants by the way of getting used as nutrients or energy sources by micro-organisms.

Microorganisms used to perform the function of bioremediation are known as bioremediators. Isolation of micro-organisms can be from any environmental conditions, microbes can grow and adapt subzero temperatures as well as extreme temperatures, microbes can dwell aerobic as well as anaerobic conditions. The main requirement of microbes is energy source and carbon source.

Bioremediation enhances the natural biodegradation and cleans the polluted environment. Understanding the microbial communities and their response towards natural environment and pollution, enhancing the knowledge of genetics of microbes to increase their capabilities to degrade the pollutants, conduct field trials of new bioremediation techniques is the need of hour. Bioremediation is paving a way to greener pastures. Regardless of which aspect of bioremediation that is used, this technology offers an efficient and cost effective way to treat contaminated ground water and soil. The advantages of this technology have out classed its disadvantages and the evident example of this is increased demand of this technique. Hence it proves that bioremediation is a management tool.

Catherine Darley
Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation
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