Animals in Carakopaskara


Agniveśa tantra is a classical medical text in the ancient time which is redacted by Ācārya Caraka and is known as Caraka Saṁhitā. The lost material of Caraka Saṁhitā was fulfilled by Ācārya Drdhabala. In due course of time the book was commented by different scholars for the understanding of the textual matters. The commentary is written with the specific aim to explore particular texts in a descriptive and analytic manner. This is a journey to re-observe the study material in an authentic experimentation and thereby make a conclusion. The extensive multidimensional approach of Caraka Saṁhitā is distinguished by different commentators in a lucid manner and encapsulated the distinct variations of the meaning of the contents in different contexts, and viewed accordingly from the grammatical, philosophical and clinical angles.

From the different sources and citation it is revealed that there exist nearly about forty commentators on Caraka Saṁhitā such as Bhattāra Haricandra, Svāmīkumāra, Jejjata, Cakrapāni Dutta, Gayādāsa, Śivadāsa Sen, Gaṅgādhara Roy, Yogīndranath Sen, Jyotiscandra Sarasvatī, Himadutta, Vaisnava, Śivasaidhava, Svāmīdas, AsādhavramA, Ksīrasvāmī Dutta, Sudhīra, Naradutta, Bhāsa Dutta, Bhīmadutta, Iśvara Sen, Vāpyacandra, Īśānadeva, Sukīra, Sudānta Sen, Narasiṁha Kavirāja etc. Among those some commentaries are popular and considered as authentic. Very little information is available regarding majority of the scholars. In vast cases only their names are found in different quotations. Unfortunately nine commentaries either in partial or in full form are available in different parts of India. Ācārya Jogīndranāth Sen was the last authentic commentator of Caraka Saṁhita. The name of his commentary is “Carakopaskāra”. His categorical analysis in commentary is supposed to be best for the current era. The commentary was first published in 1920 by Ācārya Jogīndranāth Sen, Calcutta. Original manuscript was written in Sanskrit language and Bengali script. The commentary was based upon materials collected from different parts of India and London.

Hong Shang